ACUPCC Reporting System

GHG Report for West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Submitted on January 11, 2012; last updated on February 24, 2012

Summary Statistics

Making fair comparisons between higher education institutions is always challenging due to the rich diversity of higher education. The unverified nature of the information in this database and unavailability of unbiased normalization metrics means such comparisons are even more difficult. Users should therefore approach direct institution to institution comparisons with caution and recognize that all comparisons between institutions are inherently biased.
Total Per Full-Time Enrollment Per 1000 Square Feet % Offset
Gross emissions (Scopes 1 + 2) 33,209 metric tons of CO2e 2.3 metric tons of CO2e 11.0 metric tons of CO2e 14%
Gross emissions (Scopes 1 + 2 + 3) 46,163 metric tons of CO2e 3.2 metric tons of CO2e 15.3 metric tons of CO2e 10%
Net emissions 41,572 metric tons of CO2e 2.9 metric tons of CO2e 13.8 metric tons of CO2e N/A

Emissions Inventory Methodology and Boundaries

Start date of the 12-month period covered in this report July 1, 2009
Consolidation methodology used to determine organizational boundaries Operational control approach
If any institution-owned, leased, or operated buildings or other holdings that should fall within the organizational boundaries are omitted, briefly explain why.

We include all campus buildings, including leased dormitories. Our intention is to make all facilities used by students part of our inventory.

Emissions calculation tool used Clean Air-Cool Planet
Please describe why this tool was selected.

Sustainability Coordinator had experience with a different version of this tool (for municipal reporting), and it was freely available.

Please describe the source(s) of the emissions coefficients used.

CA-CP Campus Carbon Calculator's default emissions coefficients.

Which version of IPCC's list of global warming potentials did you use? Third Assessment Report
Who primarily conducted this emissions inventory? Sustainability office staff
Please describe the process of conducting the inventory.

The inventory process was initiated and supervised by the University Sustainability Coordinator. Data were collected with the assistance of an intern hired by the University's Sustainability Advisory Council. Relevant University staff provided data, mostly in summary form, to the coordinator and intern, who entered it into the CA-CP calculator. Data for Scopes 1 & 2 were obtained from the University's Energy Projects Manager and the Motor Pool supervisor. Additional data for Scope 3 came from the Energy Manager (RECs); the Grounds Manager (solid waste); a faculty & staff commuting survey conducted by the coordinator and Human Resources; a student commuting survey conducted by Student Affairs; and Public Safety (parking passes sold). Institutional data were provide by the Office of Institutional Research (operating budget; numbers of students, faculty, and staff); Facilties Division (building square footage); and the Energy Manager (energy budget). In each case, we tried to obtain as long a historical record as possible to determine trends; Data for Scopes 1 & 2 and the institutional normalizing data span the 2002-2010 fiscal years.

Please describe any emissions sources that were classified as de minimis and explain how a determination of the significance of these emissions was made.

Process emissions and fugitive emissions primarily originate from GHG sources (such as cement manufacturing, farm animals, and methane leakage) that are known to be absent or minor at WCU.

Please describe any data limitations related to this submission and any major assumptions made in response to these limitations.

Personnel in our business office were not available for a labor-intensive analysis of air travel using travel expenses. Instead, we made a rough estimate of 2,000,000 air miles that we will emend when the expense data are analyzed. This assumption is equivalent to 53% of faculty and staff using University funds to each travel 2345 air miles travel a year. [The average round-trip domestic journey in 2010 was 2345 miles (www.airlines.org)] We feel this estimate is reasonable because we are within driving distance of many conference venues in east coast cities and our university system headquarters is within driving distance. Under this assumption, air travel contributes less than 3.5% of GHG emissions and could even be considered a de minimis source.

Emissions Data

Emissions from the following sources (in metric tons of CO2e)

Scope 1 Emissions
Stationary Combustion 12,563.0 metric tons of CO2e
Mobile Combustion 394.0 metric tons of CO2e
Process Emissions 0.0 metric tons of CO2e
Fugitive Emissions 0.0 metric tons of CO2e
Total Scope 1 emissions 12,957.0 metric tons of CO2e
Scope 2 Emissions
Purchased Electricity 20,252.0 metric tons of CO2e
Purchased Heating 0.0 metric tons of CO2e
Purchased Cooling 0.0 metric tons of CO2e
Purchased Steam 0.0 metric tons of CO2e
Total Scope 2 emissions 20,252.0 metric tons of CO2e
Scope 3 Emissions
Commuting 11,785.0 metric tons of CO2e
Air Travel 889.0 metric tons of CO2e
Solid Waste 280.0 metric tons of CO2e
Total Scope 3 emissions 12,954.0 metric tons of CO2e
Biogenic Emissions
Biogenic Emissions from Stationary Combustion 0.0 metric tons of CO2e
Biogenic Emissions from Mobile Combustion 14.0 metric tons of CO2e

Mitigation Data

Carbon Offsets
Carbon offsets purchased No information provided
Offset verification program(s) No information provided
Description of offsets purchased (including vendor, project source, etc.)

No information provided

Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs)
Total RECs purchased 8836000 kWh
Percent of total electricity consumption mitigated through the purchase of RECs 23.7 %
Emissions reductions due to the purchase of RECs 4,591.0 metric tons of CO2e
REC verification program(s) Other
Description of RECs purchased (including vendor, project source, etc.)

RECS allocated to WCU via the State System of Higher Education, to which they were allocated from the State of Pennsylvania.

Sequestration and Carbon Storage
Sequestration due to land owned by the institution No information provided
Description of how sequestration was calculated

No information provided

Carbon storage due to composting No information provided

Normalization and Contextual Data

Building Space
Gross square feet of building space 3,010,033.0 sq ft
Net assignable square feet of laboratory space No information provided
Net assignable square feet of health care space No information provided
Net assignable square feet of residential space No information provided
Population
Total Student Enrollment (FTE) 14211.0
Residential Students No information provided
Full-time Commuter Students No information provided
Part-time Commuter Students No information provided
Non-Credit Students No information provided
Full-time Faculty 869
Part-time Faculty No information provided
Full-time Staff 752
Part-time Staff No information provided
Other Contextual Data
Endowment Size No information provided
Heating Degree Days No information provided
Cooling Degree Days No information provided
Please describe any circumstances specific to your institution that provide context for understanding your greenhouse gas emissions this year.

From FY 2007 to FY 2010 combined Scope 1 & Scope 2 (+ T&D) emissions decreased by 9200 MT (21%) despite a 10% increase in students and a 16% increase in building square feet. The reductions resulted from beginning a transition from a coal-burning steam plant to geothermal HVAC, and from an energy efficiency upgrade.

Supporting Documentation

Completed inventory narrative No information provided
Completed inventory calculator No information provided

Auditing and Verification

These emissions data have not been audited, verified, or peer-reviewed.