ACUPCC Reporting System

GHG Report for Southern Oregon University

Submitted on September 2, 2010; last updated on November 19, 2013

Summary Statistics

Making fair comparisons between higher education institutions is always challenging due to the rich diversity of higher education. The unverified nature of the information in this database and unavailability of unbiased normalization metrics means such comparisons are even more difficult. Users should therefore approach direct institution to institution comparisons with caution and recognize that all comparisons between institutions are inherently biased.
Total Per Full-Time Enrollment Per 1000 Square Feet % Offset
Gross emissions (Scopes 1 + 2) 9,966 metric tons of CO2e 2.5 metric tons of CO2e 6.8 metric tons of CO2e 87%
Gross emissions (Scopes 1 + 2 + 3) 13,791 metric tons of CO2e 3.5 metric tons of CO2e 9.4 metric tons of CO2e 63%
Net emissions 5,080 metric tons of CO2e 1.3 metric tons of CO2e 3.5 metric tons of CO2e N/A

Emissions Inventory Methodology and Boundaries

Start date of the 12-month period covered in this report July 1, 2008
Consolidation methodology used to determine organizational boundaries Financial control approach
If any institution-owned, leased, or operated buildings or other holdings that should fall within the organizational boundaries are omitted, briefly explain why.

The University's Student Housing Division owns 31 houses that are rented to students. Electricity and natural gas consumption data for these houses is included in the GHG Inventory, but the areas of the houses are not included in the gross square feet of building space because that information is not available.

Emissions calculation tool used Clean Air-Cool Planet
Please describe why this tool was selected.

The ACUPCC recommends use of Clean Air Cool Planet's Campus Carbon Calculator because it was designed specifically for campuses and is the most commonly used tool for campus emissions inventories.

Please describe the source(s) of the emissions coefficients used.

CA-CP Campus Carbon Calculator's default emissions coefficients

Which version of IPCC's list of global warming potentials did you use? Third Assessment Report
Who primarily conducted this emissions inventory? External consultant
Please describe the process of conducting the inventory.

Sightlines collaborated with the Facilities Management & Planning and the Campus Planning & Sustainability Departments of Southern Oregon University to collect data for the inventory. The components collected are within the three scope emissions on campus: direct activities on campus, utility production not at the institution, and all other indirect emissions. All these units are expressed in Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide Equivalent (MTCDE) to provide the campus GHG emissions. The inventory is gathered through reports, surveys, and/or third party files and knowledge. The components collected are listed below:

• Space Profile Review - Total campus square footage
• Green Construction - Number and square footage of LEED-Certified buildings and uncertified green
• Community Population Review - Headcount for full- and part-time students, faculty and staff
• Utility Consumption - Includes fossil fuel and electricity consumption
• Fleet Vehicles - Fuel by type consumed by institution-owned vehicles
• Refrigerant Use - Volumes of refrigerants used by type
• Agriculture - Headcount of livestock; organic and synthetic fertilizer consumption
• Commuting - Average weekly trips and distance for students, faculty and staff; % breakdown of travel methods
• Air Travel - Miles for faculty and staff business and student programs
• Solid waste and Recycling - Waste disposed, method of disposal, tons of recycled materials
• Wastewater - Septic system information, central treatment system
• Water/Sewer - Separate irrigation and utility systems
• Paper - Uncoated free sheet recycled paper
• Offsets - On-campus composting total, forest preservation emissions reduction; emission offsets (retail high and low end), Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs)

Sightlines used the Clean Air-Cool Planet Campus Carbon Calculator as the basis for identifying additional greenhouse gas emissions sources. Sightlines collected data for all emissions sources identified in the latest version of the calculator (v6.4), which goes beyond the required emissions reporting for the President's Climate Commitment. This includes the full complement of applicable Scope 1 and 2 emissions, as well as selected Scope 3 sources: directly financed outsourced travel; solid waste production (identifying the appropriate disposal facility); faculty, staff, student daily commuting; wastewater production.

Please describe any emissions sources that were classified as de minimis and explain how a determination of the significance of these emissions was made.

No information provided

Please describe any data limitations related to this submission and any major assumptions made in response to these limitations.

Solid waste generated by the University is not weighed so that data was not available. The estimated emissions from solid waste were calculated using dumpster volume, quantity and pickup frequency data.

The report for air travel was only reported in airfare and fees. A $.13/mile conversion rate was used to convert the total cost to total miles.

Several emissions sources were not calculated--paper consumption, wastewater production, and study abroad travel. Across Sightlines' database, the paper and wastewater emissions combined tend to be less than 1% of total emissions and in many cases are even less than one-half of 1% of total emissions.

Study abroad travel is a much more variable emissions source and is dependent on the size, type and programmatic direction of an institution.

Sightlines does not insert any assumed numbers or figures into their emissions profiles. If the member does not have data available for a specific emissions source, Sightlines leaves it blank and works with their contact at the institution to try and collect these emissions sources in the following year to provide as comprehensive a profile as possible. If some year's figures are not attainable, Sightlines will either pull a number forward or backwards to keep consistency. This method is only used as long as there were no major changes from one year to the next. This is to avoid drastic changes in the longitudinal view, and is served as a place holder until Sightlines is able to attain a precise figure. For SOU, this method only applies to solid waste, agriculture, and directly financed air travel after FY07.

Net assignable square feet data for the student apartments on campus is not available so gross square feet data was used for the apartment buildings in the Net Assignable Square Feet of Residential Space.

Emissions Data

Emissions from the following sources (in metric tons of CO2e)

Scope 1 Emissions
Stationary Combustion 4,162.0 metric tons of CO2e
Mobile Combustion 135.0 metric tons of CO2e
Process Emissions 0.0 metric tons of CO2e
Fugitive Emissions 82.0 metric tons of CO2e
Total Scope 1 emissions 4,379.0 metric tons of CO2e
Scope 2 Emissions
Purchased Electricity 5,587.0 metric tons of CO2e
Purchased Heating 0.0 metric tons of CO2e
Purchased Cooling 0.0 metric tons of CO2e
Purchased Steam 0.0 metric tons of CO2e
Total Scope 2 emissions 5,587.0 metric tons of CO2e
Scope 3 Emissions
Commuting 1,797.0 metric tons of CO2e
Air Travel 1,474.0 metric tons of CO2e
Solid Waste 75.0 metric tons of CO2e
Transmission & Distribution Losses 479.0 metric tons of CO2e
Total Scope 3 emissions 3,825.0 metric tons of CO2e
Biogenic Emissions
Biogenic Emissions from Stationary Combustion No information provided
Biogenic Emissions from Mobile Combustion No information provided

Mitigation Data

Carbon Offsets
Carbon offsets purchased 4,003.0 metric tons of CO2e
Offset verification program(s) Gold Standard, Green-e, Voluntary Offset Standard
Description of offsets purchased (including vendor, project source, etc.)

Vendor: Bonneville Environmental Foundation

Project Source:

1) Wilton Wind Project: Wilton, ND

Located about three miles southeast of Wilton and 18 miles north of Bismark, this 49.5 MW, 8,000-acre project is comprised of 33 GE 1.5 MW turbines and produces about enough clean energy to power approximately 30,000 homes.

Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs)
Total RECs purchased 11490729 kWh
Percent of total electricity consumption mitigated through the purchase of RECs 97.0 %
Emissions reductions due to the purchase of RECs 4,708.0 metric tons of CO2e
REC verification program(s) Green-e
Description of RECs purchased (including vendor, project source, etc.)

Vendor: Bonneville Environmental Foundation

Project Sources:

1) Nine Canyon Wind Project: Kennewick, WA

Located on a dry-land wheat farm owned by two families near Kennewick, this 95.9 MW, 75-acre project was built in three phases and is now comprised of 63 turbines (49 1.3 MW and 14 2.3 MW). Green-e Energy certified.

2) Stateline Wind Project: Walla Walla, WA

Located on privately owned, active farmland on the border between Oregon and Washington, this 300 MW project was the largest wind farm in the world when it was built, comprised of 454 Vestas 600 kW turbines and generating about enough clean energy to power 70,000 homes. Green-e Energy certified.

3) St. Leon Wind Project: St. Leon, Canada

Located near St. Leon, this 99 MW project was Manitoba’s first major wind project. Online since 2006, it produces enough energy to serve about 40,000 homes. Manitoba’s electric grid is connected with the grid in the upper Midwest in the U.S.

Sequestration and Carbon Storage
Sequestration due to land owned by the institution No information provided
Description of how sequestration was calculated

No information provided

Carbon storage due to composting No information provided

Normalization and Contextual Data

Building Space
Gross square feet of building space 1,470,229.0 sq ft
Net assignable square feet of laboratory space 11,250.0 sq ft
Net assignable square feet of health care space 3,827.0 sq ft
Net assignable square feet of residential space No information provided
Population
Total Student Enrollment (FTE) 3934.0
Residential Students 845
Full-time Commuter Students 2806
Part-time Commuter Students 1452
Non-Credit Students No information provided
Full-time Faculty 211
Part-time Faculty 97
Full-time Staff 548
Part-time Staff 68
Other Contextual Data
Endowment Size 11029000
Heating Degree Days 4247
Cooling Degree Days 1139
Please describe any circumstances specific to your institution that provide context for understanding your greenhouse gas emissions this year.

Southern Oregon University purchases RECs to offset 100% of the its electricity consumption, and carbon offsets to offset 100% of the its natural gas consumption on the Ashland Campus. In doing so, SOU has been able to reduce the net greenhouse gas emissions on campus for the years that the offsets were purchased.

Supporting Documentation

Completed inventory narrative Go-Green Measurement & Analysis: Measure, Monitor, Benchmark. Southern Oregon University FY2009
Download
Completed inventory calculator Download

Auditing and Verification

These emissions data have been audited, verified, or peer-reviewed.
Please briefly describe this verification, if any.

Southern Oregon University's emissions data has been verified by a consulting firm that benchmarks and measures greenhouse gas emissions across the country. Through the measurement and analysis provided by the outside source, SOU's inventory has been reviewed and validated and can be used as a comparative analysis tool with other peer institutions.